Hawaiians called it being pono. Pono is a complex word that doesn’t translate easily into English, but basically it means to live in harmony, in balance within ones self, with each other and within the capability of the earth to sustain them.
Before western contact, approximately a million people lived in Hawaii. They were completely self-sufficient. They grew their own food in fish ponds and small farms. Today a million people live in Hawaii and we import 95% of everything we use. That is not pono and it leaves us vulnerable to any kind of disruption.
Hawaiians new they had to live within the ability of these islands to provide for them. The were very clever in managing this resources to provide for their people, but they knew there were limits. It is a lesson we are yet to learn while living on island earth